This site seems to have lots of rules, written and unwritten. Of course spammers and trolls are pretty rare, and discussions usually stay on-topic. This must take a lot of moderation. Who does the moderating? Can ordinary users help?

  • $\begingroup$ I was thinking about a different title and wording, but this is good. Thanks. $\endgroup$ May 25, 2021 at 13:55
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    $\begingroup$ I am curious: what was the impetus for this question? I suspect most (all?) people participating meta are familiar with the SE mechanics. Thanks! $\endgroup$
    – webmarc
    Jun 25, 2021 at 18:32
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    $\begingroup$ @webmarc Mike Waters asked for a volunteer to create it in the ham shack, so I decided to indulge him. As you probably noticed Mike has an axe to grind; he maintains that ordinary users could do more to help, particularly by downvoting and flagging. $\endgroup$
    – rclocher3
    Jun 25, 2021 at 22:11

4 Answers 4


The site has been carefully designed by the folks at Stack Exchange, Inc. to be self-moderating. Self-moderating means that ordinary users do the vast majority of the work. There are moderators (the site puts diamond symbols "♦" next to their user names), who are volunteers and not employees, that have special powers that they use as seldom as possible. But most of the work of moderating the site is done by ordinary users. I find that this philosophy fits very well with the spirit of amateur radio, which is also largely self-regulating.

For instance, there are indeed "bots" (automated computer programs) that watch for spam posts, but moderation works so well that typically the bots wait for a human user to flag a suspicious post as spam before deleting it. In that way, the occasional post that an algorithm would incorrectly mark as spam is not deleted unnecessarily. That particular system works very well: spammers do occasionally post, but the spam gets removed so quickly that spammers have mostly given up posting here.

If you've found your way to the Meta site, then you probably know about reputation points. The help page about privileges lays out what a given user can do, given their reputation points count. Here's an incomplete summary:

  • Users with 15 rep can flag posts.
  • Users with 350 rep can review posts from new users.
  • Users with 500 rep can cast close and open votes.
  • Users with 1,000 rep can edit any question or answer in the system.
  • Users with 2,000 rep have access to a moderation dashboard.
  • Users with 3,500 rep can protect posts.
  • Users with 4,000 rep can cast delete and undelete votes on questions.

The material in this post has been shamelessly adapted from a blog post entitled A Theory of Moderation, which was written by one of the founders of Stack Overflow and Stack Exchange. Some of the details are a bit out-of-date, since the post was written back in 2009, but the philosophy is unchanged.

So if you've been wondering if you can help and you have enough reputation, dive in! Flag posts that don't look kosher, vote posts up and down, welcome new users, post comments, and so on. There is an important rule: treat everyone with respect. There are finer points to guidelines about some actions; if you have any questions, our chat room the "Ham Shack" is a good place to ask. (You can talk about just about anything in the Ham Shack; the rules about being pertinent to ham radio and being an answer to the question don't apply. You must have at least 20 reputation points to participate in chat.)

  • $\begingroup$ "But most of the work of moderating the site is done by ordinary users". It should be, but is it really? $\endgroup$ May 28, 2021 at 12:23

"Normal" (by which I mean non-moderator) users can do pretty much everything a moderator can, except that there has to be a consensus. For example, a moderator can close a question or delete an answer, but so can normal users if enough of them agree that it should be closed.

When a moderator closes a question, it takes effect immediately, and some discussion will follow if other people feel that the question was wrongly closed.

Moderators are usually normal users of a site for some time before being elevated to become a moderator. In my case, it was at least three years. Generally, I try to be hands-off as much as possible, only stepping in to do something if an unusual situation has arisen.

So my answer to this question is: Mostly, this site is moderated by its users, with a few (currently three) moderators who can step in in extreme circumstances.

  • $\begingroup$ I mostly agree, except I take some issue with "Mostly, this site is moderated by its users". What I am saying is that most users don't do enough. I asked @rclocher3 to start this meta discussion, based on my posts on this subject in Ham Shack, in hopes of getting this message out. Surely, you've seen my posts in IW about the technically incorrect answers?? $\endgroup$ May 25, 2021 at 13:54
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    $\begingroup$ Of course. But technically incorrect answers are to be downvoted. If they are not being downvoted then that’s because people on the site either aren’t interested, or aren’t sure. When answers are complicated, it’s hardly surprising if people don’t have the confidence to click the downvote button $\endgroup$
    – Scott Earle Mod
    May 25, 2021 at 15:20
  • $\begingroup$ "...people on the site either aren’t interested, or aren’t sure." Fair enough, but to that I would add a third reason: they think that moderators are supposed to do all that. $\endgroup$ May 26, 2021 at 0:17

Most of the moderating should be done by folks that are not moderators.

Where are the downvotes, etc. ? A moderator has his hands tied here! I am only allowed one downvote, just like everyone else. We need help, peoples! Please. :-)

For one thing, there are a lot of answers and comments that are just plain wrong. They should be downvoted, and preferably commented on as such. When enough downvotes are cast, then the Community bot can automatically remove them.

Flags cannot be used to remove wrong answers.

Read full article

A Theory of Moderation - screenshot

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    $\begingroup$ Ah ha! Mike, I'm going to try to restate your thinking, tell me if I'm on target or horribly off base: It would be great if a larger portion of the Ham SE community 1) cared as much about the quality of the site as you (and me and small group of other relatively active peeps), and 2) expressed that care more frequently through voting/flagging/etc; this would drive the quality of Q&A on SE up. Is that a fair characterization? $\endgroup$
    – webmarc
    Jun 28, 2021 at 13:16
  • $\begingroup$ @webmarc Precisely! Very well stated, thank you. That would either make a great answer or an addition to this one. Feel free to edit it. $\endgroup$ Jun 28, 2021 at 16:10

I have a possibly unpopular opinion: I think we would do better to understand what is the characteristic makeup of our community and adjust our expectations to match its behavior.

Here's why:

What should the vote distribution BE? I submit that, on an absolute basis, it does not matter. What DOES matter is that the high quality Qs and As have more votes than the low quality Qs and As. I don't particularly care if the range for answers is from -5 to 5 or from 0 to 10, I just need the highest quality (how ever that's defined lol) ones closest to the top.

It would be great if a larger portion of the Ham SE community 1) cared as much about the quality of the site as you (and me and small group of other relatively active peeps), and 2) expressed that care more frequently through voting/flagging/etc; this could drive the quality of Q&A on SE up.


I'm going to expound on human behavior and motivation even though 1) I'm not an expert and 2) it's a squishy topic for an audience used to firm content.

Posit: There are 3 orthogonal enthusiasms (OEs) that need expression for Ham SE (or any SE) to be successful. People who:

  1. have questions and need answers
  2. want to answer questions
  3. want to cultivate the resulting garden of Qs & As

Any given user will have varying degrees of expression for each of the OEs, largely driven by their personalities.

Expressing either of the first 2 leads to immediate largish impact: a new Q or A being published. They also require a fair amount of energy to produce. More importantly, posting a Q or A leads to a finished product. The post is done (ignoring edits for the moment).

Expressing the 3rd, clicking the vote button, is IMO largely decoupled from sense of accomplishment. It is instead a personal expression of "good job" or even gratitude for upvotes, and the opposite for downvotes.

But that's not actually the only option. The 3rd option is "meh": this post is neither great nor awful (or perhaps I don't understand the topic or really don't care about the topic) so I shall give it a neutral vote AKA not vote at all.

And importantly, the vote is not a finished product. It only becomes useful after some volume of views and hence votes (up, down, or meh/nonvote), so voting behavior is driven by a different behavioral trait than either asking a Q or providing an A.

Finally, a joke: Do you know how many psychiatrists it takes to change a lightbulb? Only 1... but it has to want to change. There is very little (nothing?) we can do to make people want to express any of the above OEs. I think we would do better to understand what is the characteristic makeup of our community and adjust our expectations to match its behavior.

Thank you for indulging my tangent. I will not be offended if dear reader downvotes 🙂

  • $\begingroup$ lol downvote with no comment, on meta. that's very... meta. $\endgroup$
    – webmarc
    Jul 20, 2021 at 18:15

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